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How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Implementing an Art Style Transfer App with the Delphi Ecosystem

Art Style Transfer has gained immense popularity as an exciting application of AI in the art world. This article delves into the captivating realm of AI art and how art style transfer transforms ordinary images into mesmerizing pieces of art. With the help of the Delphi ecosystem, we will build an Art Style Transfer app that allows users to blend the characteristics of one artwork with another, producing visually stunning and unique results. So, let’s dive right in!

What is Art Style Transfer and Why is it Exciting?

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Art Style Transfer or more technically known as Neural Style Transfer, is a technique that uses deep neural networks to apply the artistic style of one image (the style image) to the content of another image (the content image). This process results in a new image that combines the original image’s content with the style image’s visual characteristics. It opens up a world of possibilities for creating artistic and imaginative images that blend different artistic styles seamlessly. So in this tutorial, we employ deep learning to create an image in the style of another image, a process commonly referred to as neural style transfer.

What is the Python Delphi Ecosystem Consist of?

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

The Python Delphi ecosystem consists of the Delphi IDE (Integrated Development Environment) and Delphi FMX (FireMonkey), which enable developers to build cross-platform applications with visually stunning and responsive user interfaces. Delphi FMX supports multi-platform development, allowing apps to run on Windows, macOS, iOS, and Android using a single codebase. 

Additionally, the ecosystem includes the Delphi4Python Exporter, a vital tool that facilitates the seamless integration of Python code within Delphi. This integration empowers developers to leverage Python’s vast libraries and AI capabilities while harnessing the visual prowess of Delphi FMX, offering a powerful environment for creating innovative applications, particularly in AI and machine learning domains.

How to Create an Art Style Transfer App? 

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

What Are the Prerequisites for this Art Style Transfer App?

To create our art style transfer app, ensure you have Delphi IDE and the FireMonkey GUI framework installed on your device. Moreover, you will need a text editor or IDE that supports Python, such as PyScripter, along with the Delphi4PythonExporter tool for Python integration. If you don’t have these tools already, refer to the article “Powerful Python GUI Project Setup” for guidance.

Furthermore, make sure to install the required Python libraries by running the following commands in the command prompt or terminal:

Lastly, to access the code for this tutorial, you can download it from our GitHub repository through the following link:

https://github.com/Embarcadero/PythonBlogExamples/tree/main/Art_Style_Transfer_App

By meeting these prerequisites, you’ll be fully equipped to dive into the exciting world of AI art and create your own art style transfer app using the Delphi ecosystem and Python libraries.

Are there any Python Libraries for Implementing the Neural Style Transfer Algorithm?

Yes, there are Python libraries available for implementing the Neural Style Transfer algorithm. One prominent library is TensorFlow Hub. TensorFlow Hub provides pre-trained models that can be used to easily apply the optimization technique to blend a content image with a style reference image, producing an output image that adopts the reference style while preserving the original image’s content.

How to Build the User Interface with Delphi?

Let’s begin by launching the Delphi CE application and creating a new project. To achieve this, navigate to File > New > Multi-Device Application > Blank Application > Ok. For this tutorial, we’ve named our project ArtStyleTransferApp.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

If you are unfamiliar with the various sections of the Delphi IDE, we recommend consulting our complimentary eBook bundle, which covers the Delphi Python Ecosystem and provides insights into all Python GUI offerings.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Let’s begin by renaming our form. Right-click on the form and select QuickEdit. This will open up an edit box, where we will set the name of our form as MainForm with the caption Art Style Transfer App.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Now, head over to the Projects tab and rename the source file of the form from Unit1.pas to Main.pas. We are doing this to help us keep track of our forms.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Now let’s start working on our form. First, we will resize our forms by heading to the Object Inspector and searching for the ClientWidth and ClientHeight in the properties tab. We will resize our form by setting them to 624 and 640, respectively.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Next, we’ll proceed by adding a few labels to our app. Access the standard palette and locate the TLabel component. Drag and drop this component onto the form to include it. We will be adding three labels to our form. The first will be a title label, Title, displayed at the top of the form. The second and third labels, StyleImageLabel and ContentImagelabel, will be used to indicate the style image and the image to be converted.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Following that, we’ll customize the text style using the TextSettings property of each label. To do so, access the Object Inspector and search for TextSettings. Click on the ellipsis button (...) next to the Font property to explore various options for modifying the label’s appearance based on your preferences. In this case, we’ve chosen the SemiBold Segoe UI font family and distinct font sizes for each label. Additionally, we’ll set our labels’ HorzAlign and VertAlign properties to Center.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Here is what our form looks like:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Next, let’s add a few buttons to our form. For this, we will use the TButton component, so navigate to the Palette and search for the component.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

We will add two Upload buttons to our form. One button called UploadStyleButton will be used to upload a style image that will be used for reference. The second upload button that, we will name UploadContentButton will help us select the file to be converted. Finally, we will add an Apply button, ApplyButton, to run the image generation algorithm.

Next, we’ll customize the text style using the TextSettings property of each button. Here is what our form looks like:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Now, we will add two TOpenDialog components to our form. These components will help us open a dialog box to select a file from our system. So open up the Palette and search for the component. Next, drag and drop this component anywhere into your form. The placement of these components will not matter as they will be invisible.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Finally, let’s finish our forms by adding some holders showing our images. Head over to the Palette and search for the TImage component. Add three of these components to your form.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Now, right-click on each component and define its name. Here we will set the left image component under Style Image as StyleImage, the component under Content Image as ContentImage, and finally, the component at the bottom as FinalImage. Here is what our form looks like:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

With this, the functional components of our form are ready. Now we can add a few final touches to make our form more visually appealing. We will do this by downloading the free ebook bundle, which comes shipped with a multitude of styles that you can choose from. 

After downloading your free ebook, extract the FMX styles zip in your chosen directory. Next, select the style you want to use. Here we will be using Drak.style available in the bundle.

To use this style, head to the Palette and add the TStyleBook component to your form. Again, the placement does not matter for this component, as this, too, will be invisible.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem
How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Double-click on the StyleBook1 component to open up your Style Designer. Next, click on the open button to open up a dialog box.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Now navigate to the Dark.style file in your styles directory, select your file and finally click on exit.

Once you’ve finalized your style, select the MainForm and head to the Object Inspector. Here we will search for the StyleBook property. Select the drop-down menu and select StyleBook1.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Here is what our final form looks like:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

How to Integrate the Style Transfer Algorithm into the App?

Before integrating the style transfer algorithm into our app, we must export it using the Delphi4Python exporter. However, exporting right now will cause the buttons to lose their function. Therefore, we will need to add functionality to each button in the form. 

To do this, double-click on each button on the form. This will add an OnClick method to that button. The procedure will be created in the .pas file of the form. This allows you to add unique functionality to each button when clicked.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Because the Delphi4PythonExporter does not use run-time implementation, we must add at least one comment (//) to each procedure to preserve the function when we export the form.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Now that our form is ready, we are ready to export. Select Tools > Export To Python > Export Current Entire Project to export the project.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Here we will give the project the title Art Style Transfer App. Next, select the directory of your choosing and click on Export:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Because we had one form, Delphi will generate two Python files and one .pyfmx file. The ArtStyleTransferApp.py file will be used to run the application, whereas the Main.py file contains the class for the MainForm. The Main.pyfmx file contains the visual information for the MainForm. Here are the contents for each file.

KMeansClustering.py:

Main.py:

Now, the only thing we need to do is add functionality to our form. Start by opening up Main.py in the text editor of your choice and importing some libraries:

Next, head over to the __init__ function. Here we will use the os library to load compressed models from tensorflow. Here is what our __init__ function looks like:

Now let’s define a helper function called load_img that will help us load and preprocess an image using a provided path. We will start by defining the maximum dimensions as 512 and load and convert the image data type to float32.

Next, we will cast the image, reshape it and finally return it. Here is what our final load_img function looks like:

Next, we will define another function called tensor_to_image which, as the name implies, will help convert a tensor image to a PIL image that we can save. Here is a simple code on how we can do that:

Now we can move on and finish our button functions. Head to the UploadContentButtonClick function and open a dialog box using the OpenDialog1 component. We will filter the files to only show the different image files in the dialogbox. Once the user selects the image, use the .Bitmap.LoadFromFile() method to display it in the ContentImage placeholder. Here is what our final UploadContentButtonClick function looks like:

Moving on, let’s define our UploadStyleButtonClick function similarly using the OpenDialog2 component. Here is what our function looks like:

Finally, let’s complete our ApplyButtonClick function. Start by loading our images using the load_img function:

Next, we will load a model using tensorflow_hub and pass in our StyleImage and ContentImage to generate a stylized image.

Finally, we will save the stylized image locally with a specific filename and load the image to our FinalImage component. Here is what our ApplyButtonClick function looks like:

Here is what our final Main.py file looks like:

Now that our application is ready, let’s test it out. Head over to ArtStyleTransferApp.py and run the file.

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Next, we will upload our style and content images by clicking the Upload buttons. Here we will be using Vincent van Gogh’s Starry Night as the Style image and a picture of penguins as our Content image.

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How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Once you’ve selected your image, it should appear on the image placeholders:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Now press the Apply button to evaluate your image. Your result image should appear in the FinalImage placeholder:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

Your file should also be saved in the same directory as your image:

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

What Are the Key Take Aways of this Tutorial?

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

In conclusion, our Art Style Transfer app demonstrates the exciting potential of AI art and the capabilities of the Delphi ecosystem in creating innovative applications. By providing users with a simple and interactive platform for artistic expression, we encourage creativity and exploration in the field of AI-generated art.

By harnessing the fusion of Delphi’s visual capabilities and Python’s extensive libraries, the Art Style Transfer app exemplifies the exciting potential of AI in the art world. Whether you’re an experienced developer or a newcomer, embracing the Delphi ecosystem can revolutionize your app development journey.

Ready to explore the captivating realm of AI art and create your own Art Style Transfer app? Unleash your creativity and join us on this fascinating journey. Download the Delphi IDE to embark on an innovative and rewarding development experience. 

What Are Some FAQs Related to this Tutorial?

How To Implement an Art Style Transfer GUI App with the Python Delphi Ecosystem

How does Neural Style Transfer work?

Using a convolutional network, neural Style Transfer works by extracting content and style reference statistics from the content and style reference images. It then optimizes an output image to match the content statistics of the content image and the style statistics of the style reference image.

What is TensorFlow Hub?

TensorFlow Hub is a Python library that provides a collection of pre-trained models and modules for various tasks, including Neural Style Transfer. It simplifies the implementation of complex algorithms by offering access to pre-trained convolutional networks and other resources.

Do I need to train the model from scratch for Neural Style Transfer?

No, one of the advantages of using TensorFlow Hub is that it provides pre-trained models for Neural Style Transfer. You can use these models directly without the need for training from scratch.

Can I adjust the intensity of style transfer in the output image?

Yes, you can adjust the intensity of style transfer by controlling the weight of the style loss during optimization. This allows you to fine-tune the artistic style of the content image.

Is Neural Style Transfer computationally intensive?

Neural Style Transfer can be computationally intensive, especially when working with large images and complex styles. However, using pre-trained models from TensorFlow Hub can significantly reduce the computation time.

Are there other libraries besides TensorFlow Hub for Neural Style Transfer?

Yes, other libraries and frameworks, such as PyTorch, offer implementations of Neural Style Transfer. Each library may have its advantages and specific use cases, so developers can choose based on their preferences and project requirements.

What programming languages are supported by Delphi?

Delphi primarily supports Object Pascal as its native programming language. However, it also provides support for C++ through the use of the C++Builder IDE.

Is Delphi suitable for beginners in programming?

Delphi is considered beginner-friendly due to its visual programming features and user-friendly IDE. It provides an excellent learning platform for newcomers to programming.

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