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What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL?

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A built-in function object is a wrapper around a C function. Examples of built-in functions are len() and math.sin() (math is a standard built-in module). The number and type of the arguments are determined by the C function. 

You can browse all the built-in function objects available to us for windows development inside the DelphiVCL library using the Python dir() command:

All the built-in function objects are marked with a red rectangle:

What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? List of functions

Here are the built-in function objects inside the DelphiVCL library and their explanations:

  • __doc__: The __doc__ attribute is the module’s or class’s documentation string, the content will be set to None if unavailable.
  • __file__: The __file__ attribute is the pathname of the file from which the module was loaded if it was loaded from a file. The __file__ attribute may be missing for certain types of modules, such as C modules that are statically linked into the interpreter; for extension modules loaded dynamically from a shared library, it is the pathname of the shared library file.
  • __loader__: The __loader__ attribute must be set to the loader object that the import machinery used when loading the module. This is mostly for introspection but can be used for additional loader-specific functionality, for example getting data associated with a loader.
  • __name__: The __name__ attribute must be set to the fully qualified name of the module. This name is used to uniquely identify the module in the import system.
  • __package__: The module’s __package__ attribute must be set. Its value must be a string, but it can be the same value as its __name__. When the module is a package, its __package__ value should be set to its __name__. When the module is not a package, __package__ should be set to the empty string for top-level modules, or submodules, to the parent package’s name. 
  • __spec__: The __spec__ attribute must be set to the module spec that was used when importing the module. Setting __spec__ appropriately applies equally to modules initialized during interpreter startup. The one exception is __main__, where __spec__ is set to None in some cases. When __package__ is not defined, __spec__.parent is used as a fallback.

Let’s run dir() command to all the attributes above:

See the responses in our Windows command prompt:

What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Screen 1
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Screen 2
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Screen 3
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Screen 4
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Screen 5
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Screen 6

Let’s run print() command to all the attributes above:

See the responses in our Windows command prompt:

What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Response 1
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Response 2
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Response 3
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Response 4
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Response 5
What Are The Built-In Function Objects Inside DelphiVCL? Response 6

 

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